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Hello blogger wherever you are, come back with me at this Gudio Blog, thank you for those who have visited this blog. And for those of you who have just visited this blog for the first time, this Gudio Blog is a blog that discusses programming, web, desktop and mobile, tips and tricks for blogs, android and many more about technology.
This time, I will give you a simple article about "All About HTML". In this discussion, I will not discuss too much HTML code only a few codes that I will explain, because in this discussion more on HTML theory and its origin. If for the HTML tutorial I will make it later later at a later time. We will start with what is html, its history and others.
Although HTML consists of various tags, but as explained above, HTML cannot be called a programming language. Why ? Because in general a programming language has a programming logic structure such as IF, While, Variables, Debuggers and writing codes or syntax.
This HTML file, the contents are just a collection of text, and we can create this HTML file using only notepad. The most important thing is that you know how to structure HTML writing.
History of HTMLHTML was created by Tim Berners-Lee, a physicist and also a contractor at CERN. In 1980 he planned and created INQUIRE, a system for researchers in the CERN environment to share documents. Then he wrote a memorandum and proposed an internet-oriented database management system.
Then in 1990, Berners-Lee together with his friend Henry Martyn Robert Cailliau, was a CERN knowledge system engineer, they collaborated on a joint request for funding.
The first description that is publicly accessible about hypertext language is a document better known as "HTML Tag" which was first mentioned on the internet by Tim Berners-Lee. Apart from link tags, this is greatly influenced by SGMLguid, which is a documentation format based on SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language).
HTML can be used by internet browsers to interpret and also to arrange text, images and alternative materials into a visual website.
According to Berners-Lee, the HTML application was as SGML which was formally defined as by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) in mid-1993 for its first proposal for the specifications of the HTML internet draft, by Berners-Lee and Conolly ang including the type definition of SGML documents to define grammar. And after six months, the draft expired but became famous for its recognition of custom tags to embed in-line images. In addition, the Internet Draft competed with Dave Raggett, "HTML + (Hypertext Markup Fomat)" at the end of 1993, which suggested standardization such as tables and filling forms.
Starting in 1996, HTML has been maintained with input from the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). But in 2000, HTML also became an international standard (ISO / IEC 15445: 2000).
HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is a type of document text for a web page that is used by Web browsers to display text and images. In the text there is a markup tag. The HTML file contains some instructions that are translated by the browser on the user's computer, so that the contents of the information can be displayed visually on the computer. HTML was then known as the standard language used to display web documents. Browsers take web pages from Web servers and because of the Internet, they can be anywhere in the world.
HTML + is the first HTML version that has capabilities such as:
- Bold and italic print on the text.
- Laying images on documents without wrapping.
HTML version 2.0
On November 24, 1995, HTML 2.0 was published as IETF RFC 1866. In this version, the quality of HTML was able to display the form on the document. With this form, the user can enter their name, address, and suggestions and more. HTML version 2.0 is a pioneer of the existence of an interactive homepage. With HTML 2.0, we can create pages of creation that can be seen by everyone.
HTML version 3.2
HTML Version 4.0
On December 18, 1997, HTML 4.0 was published as a recommendation by the W3C. This version adopts many types of elements and attributes that are specific to the browser.
HTML version 4.01
HTML 4.01 became standard in 1999. This HTML version, is an improvement from HTML version 4.0 which was first published. HTML version 4.01 is still the official standard until now to fix minor errors in the previous version. This version is also standardized for elements and attributes of the XHTML 1.0 script.
HTML version 5.0
This version was developed starting March 4, 2010 yesterday by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), W3C itself is an organization that handles standard web development. HTML 5.0 is a procedure for creating a new web display which is a combination of CSS, HTML itself with Java Script. This technology was launched in 2009, but is still in the development stage.
Use of HTML
- HTML is very famous and is widely used by people whose functions, one of which is to create web pages, besides that there are several other HTML functions:
- As I said above, the main function of html is to create a web page that can be read and understood by users more easily. And all web pages on the internet are made with html and there are no exceptions. Have you ever seen a web that wasn't created using HTML?
- Marking text on a web page, html is written on a document page with tags. Where the tag will mark the text to be thick, italic, thick striped and so on. For example if we want to make the text tilted, in the html page the code <i>, <b> for bold text and <u> for underlined text are written.
- HTML also has the ability and is often used to display tables, images, videos and more. In the website we cannot directly put tables, pictures or videos. If you want to display it, we must input HTML tags first.
- HTML can also be used to create an online form, html also functions to make parts of the website including headers, play, footers, navigation and so on.
Elements, Tags, and Attributes in HTMLTags in HTML are a sign that starts with "<" and ends with ">". In this HTML, there are types of tags, i.e.
- opening tag
- closing tag
- self closing tag
The opening tag is a tag that is used at the beginning of a command, for example to make italic text, then in front of the text, it will use <i>. Other examples are <h1>, <h2>, <span> and others.
The closing tag is the tag used at the end of the command. For example, as in the example above, for example to make the text italic, using the opening tag <i>, then the closing tag contains "/". The example of making italic text
"<i> Gudio Blog Has a Good Article </ i>"then what appears in the browser is
Gudio Blog Has a Good Article(without quotes). Likewise with the others, if the opening tag is <h1> then the closing tag is </ h1>.
Self Closing Tag, just like the closing tag, it's just that the "/" sign is placed behind. Examples: <br />, <img /> and others.
Element is a tag (opening and closing) that contains a command. For example:
<b> Gudio Blog Has Good Articles </ b>Then the line is called an element.
Attributes are parameters for HTML elements that are typed in the opening tag. Suppose that
<a href="https://www.gudioblog.com"> Gudio Blog Home Page </a>will look like:
HTML StructureHTML structure is a standard format that is applied if you want to create a web page. The following below is an example of the structure of HTML
The structure above is the format that must be on a website page. Because if one doesn't exist, then a webpage won't run perfectly
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title> </title> </head> <body> </body> </html>
In the code structure above, the <! DOCTYPE html> tag is a special format tag. This tag is specifically used to tell the browser to process data in HTML below it to HTML5.
A complete HTML structure contains elements:
The contents of this Head element will not appear on the screen but the contents of the head element will affect the appearance of a website. Inside this Head Element contains:
- Title, which is the title that you want to display in the browser
- Link rel = "shortcut icon", which is an icon on the browser tab
- Meta name = "viewport", which is more information about the target screen size
- Meta name = "description", which is a description of the topic for the search engine
While the Body Element, contains tags that will later appear on the website screen.
ConclusionThat's all about HTML on the website, where I'm sure every day we will have access to the website. This section is only an explanation of "All About HTML". I will make the tutorial later.
Hopefully what I wrote in this tutorial can be useful for all of you, and increase your knowledge about HTML.
If for you, my article is useful, you can share my article on your social media and don't forget, follow me on social media to get the latest updates from me. We meet again at other times and of course with other interesting articles.